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Tibutol (Ethambutol)

Tibutol is an antimycobacterial agent that is most commonly used in combination with other drugs in the treatment of tuberculosis. It is also used as part of a combination regimen in the therapy of Mycobacterium avium complex infections in patients with or without concomitant infection with HIV. The mechanism of action of Tibutol is not completely known. There is evidence that the drug exerts its bacteriostatic activity by virtue of inhibition of arabinosyl transferase, an enzyme that polymerizes arabinose into arabinan and then arabinogalactan, a mycobacterial cell wall constituent.

Other names for this medication:
Ethambutol, Myambutol, Combutol, Ecox, Etambutol, Etapiam, Etibi, Macox, Pulna, Rifafour, Rimstar, Tibutol, Turresis,

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Continuous intravenous epoprostenol improved survival, clinical status and hemodynamics in patients with severe primary pulmonary hypertension. The method provides a principled approach to the selection of covariates which would otherwise require the use of a suboptimal method owing to the size of the covariate set.

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Usefulness of lipid serum determination in the diagnosis of atherosclerosis The solute carrier SLC38A3, a member of amino acid/polyamine/organocation (APC) superfamily, is an l-glutamine transporter. The dawn phenomenon: comparison between normal and insulin-dependent diabetic adolescents. Environmentally Optimised Sprayer (EOS)--A software application for comprehensive assessment of environmental safety features of sprayers.

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Ceramide, a biologically active sphingolipid in cell death signaling, accumulates upon CD95L treatment, concomitantly to apoptosis induction in Jurkat leukemia T cells. Detection of the cellular membrane proteins on human T cell leukemia virus type I. The severity of bloating tends to worsen during the course of the day and improves overnight. This was not seen in the same circumstances in women with untreated epilepsy. A view from Riggs: treatment resistance and patient authority - III.

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These fatty acids can decrease serum triglyceride concentrations, but so far the doses used in trials examining their effects on coronary end points have had only minimal triglyceride lowering effects. In particular, smoking and obesity may increase the risk of disease progression and mortality, whereas engaging in vigorous physical activity or brisk walking and consuming a diet rich in vegetables (particularly tomato sauce and cruciferous) and vegetable fats may lower the risk.

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Lobular lesions of the breast: imaging findings of lobular neoplasia and invasive lobular carcinoma. Based on these observations, we propose an alternative hypothesis for the cause of sperm dysfunction in cases of chromosomal sterility and drive.

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Because of its observational nature, informed consent of the patients was not required. Independent component analysis (ICA) for fNIRS signals is performed. Unfortunately, the procedure is relatively rare, and this is reflected in the small sample of the studies. Predictors of suicide and suicide attempt in subway stations: a population-based ecological study. The objective of this study was to elucidate healing of a medial collateral ligament (MCL) with either a single IL-1Ra injection delivered one day after injury or with multiple injections of IL-1Ra on days 1, 2, 3, and 4.

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24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in serum: sample purification with Sep-Pak C-18 cartridges and liquid chromatography before protein-binding assay. We evaluated the signal-to-noise ratios with statistical methods when the reference and the properties of the electrodes were substituted. Dependence of a microresonator Kerr frequency comb on the pump linewidth.

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Severity of spinal damage from gunshot injury depends upon certain mechanical and biological factors. It is suggested that pup-induced stimulation of ventral striatal DA release facilitates parental responses such as pup retrieval. Determination, properties and significance of dihydrofolic acid reductase in the white blood cells in leukemia Series of procaryotically expressed fusion proteins and synthetic peptides of various lengths were used as sources of antigen. Phone calls were made to evaluate patients after their procedures as part of a retrospective study.

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Tissue lead distribution and pathological findings in lead exposed dogs maintained on fat and calcium modified diets. The putative polypeptide predicted from the cDNA sequence featured a signal peptide, a leucine zipper structure and a basic amino acid-rich region. A comparison study of coronary angiography and dipyridamole stress (0.70 mg/kg) Tf-SPECT was repeated at least twice in 20 patients. The use of skinfolds and of the muscle circumference of the upper arm in the diagnosis of protein-energy malnutrition in adults patients: a critical study Although the overall response was diminished, the characteristic T cell cross-reactivity for all A strain viruses was similar to that observed in young mice.

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Increased incidence of antiretroviral drug discontinuation among patients with viremic hepatitis C virus coinfection and high hyaluronic acid, a marker of liver fibrosis. Basic psychophysical measurements were obtained from three patients implanted with multichannel cochlear implants. Pharmacokinetic investigation of dose proportionality with a 24-hour controlled-release formulation of hydromorphone.

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The phylogenetic differences in adult neurogenesis are poorly understood. Nimotuzumab in combination with cisplatin/5-FU regimens in patients with advanced ESCC is safe and effective, which deserves a further expanded sample research. Sections were stained with toluidine blue and analyzed by light microscopy and energy-dispersive x-ray analysis (EDX). We study numerically the development of chimera states in networks of nonlocally coupled oscillators whose limit cycles emerge from a Hopf bifurcation.

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The primary outcome was assessment of noninferiority of deferred Gp IIb/IIIa inhibitor use compared with upstream administration for the prevention of composite ischemic events (death, myocardial infarction, or unplanned revascularization for ischemia) at 30 days, using a 1-sided alpha level of .025. Cox multivariate analysis was performed to determine the prognostic factors for survival.

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Two types of alpha alumina were studied and it was observed that both were affected by thermal quenching of luminescence. The double staining experiments demonstrate that neurons, oligodendrocytes, and microglia expressed P2X7 receptor mRNAs. The primary endpoint was a change in the expression levels of inflammatory cytokines. The general physical and chemical parameters of major pollutants were analyzed from river bed sediments collected at five strategic locations. In addition, the classical NSAIDs sulindac and aspirin are promising chemopreventive agents against colon cancer.

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Game-exercise with a game-console was noted to be a significant adjunct to the rehabilitation program in patients with PD in this study. Therefore, the results were highly dependent on subjective factors inherent in the examiner.

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Camptothecin (CPT) is a well-established topoisomerase I inhibitor against a broad spectrum of cancers. OSI may be a good guide to the clinical status of testicular T/D. Health information was obtained from the occupants via questionnaires. No significant change in the skeletal calcium mass was observed. They are influenced by the attitude of the institutes and faculties (schools), professional societies but also by the students involved.

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The fear of necrotizing enterocolitis and feeding intolerance are major factors inhibiting the use of the enteral route as the primary means of nourishing premature infants. Thirdly, the principle of Collins and Richmond, involving the calculation of growth rate from the length distributions of extant, separating and new-born cells, is described.

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Usefulness of Gen-Probe for identification and classification of Mycobacterium avium complex The expression of CXCR-4 in exenatide-treated ADSCs was measured by flow cytometry and Western blotting.

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Spinal cord stimulation prevents the effects of combined experimental ischemic and traumatic brain injury. CoNS have emerged as an important cause of NVE in both community and health care settings. Within this review, we provide a thorough introduction to the analytical hard- and software requirements of metabolic profiling platforms. Three hundred forty-two participants aged 50 years or older were recruited to participate in this prospective, community-based observational study.

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At the room temperature, the compound displays paramagnetic properties with an independent spin on each V atom and with a weak exchange constant (J approximately 10 cm(-1)). Parental attitudes and opinions on the use of psychotropic medication in mental disorders of childhood. A robotic orthotic device for early intervention in spinal cord injury that does not require the patient to be in an upright posture has been modelled. Hybrid RF/IR transcutaneous telemetry for power and high-bandwidth data.

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Time-Course Gene Expression Profiling Reveals a Novel Role of Non-Canonical WNT Signaling During Neural Induction. A novel method of extrapolating the image in advance is proposed to reduce this effect significantly. Patients with larger prostates and larger RTW tend to gain more symptomatic benefit from TURP than do patients with smaller prostates. Accumulation of the proteins was higher in the freezing-tolerant genotype than in the less tolerant one. Engineering of a straighter septum: numerical model of mechanical stress relaxation in laser-heated septal cartilage.

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This paper argues that despite the importance of protection and partnerships to the humanitarian response, their role in the UN emergency response still falls short. In addition, we present a Quadratic Adaptive Replication (QAR) scheme for DCS, which is a more adaptive multi-replication DCS system and outperforms previous proposals in the literature by reducing the overall network traffic that has a direct impact on energy consumption.

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Pilot trial of risk-adapted cyclophosphamide intensity based conditioning and HLA matched sibling and unrelated cord blood stem cell transplantation in newly diagnosed pediatric and adolescent recipients with acquired severe aplastic anemia. The lack of an appropriate, widely accepted, design procedure for use with non-relational database management systems has been a major, common problem in many efforts to develop an integrated hospital database. EID-1 interacts with orphan nuclear receptor SF-1 and represses its transactivation.

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The major sites of synthesis in mouse foetuses are the visceral yolk sac (VYS) and liver (Adamson, 1982). Association Study Between Promoter Polymorphisms of ADAM17 and Progression of Sepsis. Implantation of artificial pacemaker EKS-2 in a patient with a complete transverse heart block complicated by myocardial infarct and acute heart aneurysm A model for obesity and gigantism due to disruption of the Ankrd26 gene.

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The objective here was to project long-term graft- and survival-related outcomes occurring among renal transplant recipients based on short-term outcomes including acute rejection and estimated glomerular filtration rates observed in randomized trials. We show here that while deletion of the NC domain of Rous sarcoma virus Gag abolishes formation and budding of VLPs at the plasma membranes of baculovirus-infected insect cells, replacement of NC with a dimer-forming leucine zipper domain restores budding of spherical particles morphologically similar to wild-type VLPs. This is a summary of the health risks of occupational styrene exposure based on recent reviews.

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In addition, the dissolution solvents, namely, chloromethanes and alcohols, have been also important for enantioseparation because of the different interaction with stationary phase. In the Poly(Glu)-DeAC complex, the electron transfer occurred between chlorophyll a and methylviologen leading to hydrogen production. Fabrication of the polycarbazole-Au co-patterned surface was characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM), electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance (EC-QCM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS).

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Heavy work loading, poor health conditions, laziness, and lack of time tended to lower exercise self-efficacy. Thus, Clara cells resemble alveolar type II and bronchiolar ciliated epithelial cells by showing integrin mediated pro-migratory changes to extracellular matrix components that are present in tissues after injury. This study examined the perspectives of healthcare workers involved in stroke care in two different English case study sites on the integration challenges stroke care presents. Concomitant phase II studies of pyrazofurin and razoxane in alkylating agent-resistant cases of epithelial ovarian carcinoma. Nine patients in the control group developed significant postextubation stridor, necessitating nebulized epinephrine or glucocorticosteroids.

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To assess the ciprofloxacin resistance of Neisseria meningitidis isolated from 1999 through 2006 in Spain, susceptibility testing was conducted on 5300 isolates. In a randomized, cross-over study we evaluated the efficacy of rate adaptive constant cycle length (BURST) and autodecremental (RAMP) pacing for termination of sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia. High flows and rapid changes in river flow, driven by releases of bacterially pure reservoir water, resulted in elevated FIO concentrations and transient peaks in concentration. Children with fluid present in both ears at operation were found to have increased amounts of histamine in their adenoid tissue compared to a group with no signs or symptoms of SOM.

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The results indicate that at least two non-linear effects are significant (body mass index and systolic blood pressure) and there is a time-varying drug effect. Dual inhibition of protein phosphatase-1/2A and calpain rescues nerve growth factor-differentiated PC12 cells from oxygen-glucose deprivation-induced cell death.

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Treatment options are limited for HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders. Evaluation of the orofacial lesions in treated leprosy patients. The acceptability of this form of instruction was judged from evaluation forms completed by the residents.

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Phorbol ester-induced amino-terminal phosphorylation of human JUN but not JUNB regulates transcriptional activation. Modified plasma-based ecarin clotting time assay for monitoring of recombinant hirudin during cardiac surgery. To determine the disorders exactly, a multistep inventory of examinations was developed. The dose distributions were calculated in a voxel-based anthropomorphic phantom. We consider here the subject of permanence, i.e., the study of the long-term survival of each species in a set of populations.

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Present study was undertaken to study the correlation of potassium level of vitreous humor with time since death. For the first time, transgenic sunflower plants with a modified pattern of HAM59 expression were obtained. At pH 2.0, IbeA exists in a partially unfolded state with characteristics of a molten globule-like state, and the protein is in extended beta-sheet conformation and exhibits strong ANS binding. Since this effect is grounded on diffusion inside nanopores, it is predicted that adsorption onto the surface will seriously affect the enhancement by nano-confinement.

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Ninety-eight patients underwent a urodynamic study (URD) to assess LUT disturbances. Renal anemia is a serious concern for morbidity and lower quality-of-life of patients suffering from chronic kidney disease resulting in a high economic burden when administering erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs).

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Patterns of gene expression vary, depending on the type of applied hypoxia, e.g., intermittent vs. Measurement of blood pressure of chick embryo with an implanted needle catheter.

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Quantitative assessments of the minimum, maximum, and mean luminal diameters together with the minimum luminal area were determined using two 3D QCA systems, the CardiOp-B and CAAS 5. They were analyze based on the similar analysis protocol and finally, synthesized and associated. Use of erythrocyte filtration in the study of diabetic vasculopathy.

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The fluorescence image of the J-aggregate in PVA film was rather uniform, whereas non-uniform distribution of the fluorescence was observed in PVS film. The bone marrow karyotype in seventeen cases of refractory anemia with excess of blasts (RAEB). Aluminum nanoparticles for plasmon-improved coupling of light into silicon. Independent risk factors for mortality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who undergo comprehensive cardiac evaluations.

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Connectivity-based parcellation using diffusion MRI has been extensively used to parcellate subcortical areas and the association cortex. Virtual unenhanced CT images reconstructed from contrast-enhanced dual-energy CT allow detection of urinary stones with good sensitivity and excellent specificity, but sensitivity is decreased in abdominal obese patients.

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Effects of AMPK activation on insulin sensitivity and metabolism in leptin-deficient ob/ob mice. By using 14C labelling either in the haem or in 5-aminolaevulinate administered, haem incorporation into phycocyanobilin was demonstrated in both dark and light systems. Using leaf explants of Arabidopsis thaliana, we show that the homeobox genes WUSCHEL RELATED HOMEOBOX11 (WOX11) and WOX12 are involved in de novo root organogenesis.

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Introduction of oil into these previously oil-free environments resulted in several orders of magnitude of increase in hydrocarbon-degrading micro-organisms within a few days in some of the studied sites but has no obvious effects on two others. Two independent sets of recent observations on newly sequenced microbial genomes pertain to the prevalence of short inversion as a gene order rearrangement process and to the lack of conservation of gene order within conserved gene clusters. Truncating the expansion at the second-order cumulant, a Gaussian analytical approximate expression for the temporal profile of scattered polarized photons is obtained, whose average center position and half width are always exact. In the past year, gp38, a glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol linked membrane protein that is overexpressed in some malignant tissues, has been shown to be the folate receptor. As for shoot biomass and total phenolic in the root, they were affected by MJ treatment.

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Persistent inflammatory stimuli evoke an extensive cellular response whose composition varies with interferon ribavirin and telaprevir rash the stage of gestation and which is succeeded by formation of typical scar tissue. Liver glycogen concentrations in treated rats decreased with increasing time of treatment and doses of piroxicam administered.

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Analysis of health care claims during the peri-transfer stage of transition from pediatric to augmentin 875 125 y alcohol is bad adult care among juvenile idiopathic arthritis patients. Olympicin A and some synthetic flavonoids dissipated the bacterial transmembrane potential. Historically the Red Cross Blood Program was established in Oslo with the main objectives to recruit new donors, support the blood banks with recruiting materials and to support in recruiting efforts made by local Red Cross branches.

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No significant differences were found between HVLA, Mob and SNAG at the end of treatment and during the follow-up in any of the analysed outcomes. Coca-Cola and Lemon Delster caused a significant reduction of microhardness in tooth enamel. Treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer with cisplatin and radiotherapy. Cells from a mismatch asaprol 81 mg indicaciones de afumix repair (MMR)-deficient cell line (Raji 10) with a sensitive response to radiation or the wild-type parent cell line were irradiated to 0.5 Gy gamma rays and then monitored for growth rate in their own medium or in the alternative conditioned medium. How to report and monitor the performance of waiting list management.

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The antidepressants citalopram side effects nhsc gastrointestinal tract is an uncommon site of presentation for acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children. Many of the tools we use in management can actually remove us from the experience and make it harder to respond. Treatment aims to achieve stability of the PIPJ after reduction so that early motion can be initiated.

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Early access ligation resolves presumed ischaemic monomelic neuropathy in a patient with recurrence of central venous occlusion. VOR was fairly well predicted by a current model, but our experiments revealed perceived change in attitude (roll, pitch, yaw tilt position in space) and perceived angular prochlorperazine maleate drug profile viewer velocity in space that was not reflected by parallel changes in the plane or magnitude of the VOR. Box simulators may be useful for training novice endoscopists in basic gastrointestinal endoscopic techniques.

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Role of some components of ischemia in the genesis of spontaneous ventricular arrhythmias. Successful transformation of yeast mitochondria nestrolan 100 mg bijsluiter imodium with RPM1: an approach for in vivo studies of mitochondrial RNase P RNA structure, function and biosynthesis. High speed particles separation using ultrasound for microTAS and lab-on-a-chip application. Dental caries in schoolchildren of an Estonian and a Danish municipality.

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Alternative RNA processing is a mechanism for creation of protein diversity through selective inclusion or exclusion of RNA sequence during posttranscriptional processing. For females, unadjusted values underestimated height, weight, body mass index, triceps skinfold thickness and blood pressure among 11-12 year olds and overestimated the same variables for 15 and 16 year olds. Clinical stage II non-small cell lung cancer treated with radiation therapy alone. The lateral approach creates more inferomedial space, gives better access to ectopic kidneys and allows complete ureterectomy in all cases. This influence of DNA content on disease-free survival appears to be confined to premenopausal patients, and has no effect on daxid 50 mg composition books patient survival following disease recurrence.

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Radical therapy of pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery with compression guided by color-Doppler Regular retinal evaluation is necessary for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) cases. In contrast, calcium metabolism in rats was unchanged after treatment with an anesthetic dose of pentothal, another thiobarbiturate anesthetic. This project aims carbagen dosage index to address this problem through the creation of a head movement based wheelchair control system.

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Bonds made herpes simplex 2 treatment acyclovir dosing with AdheSE were weaker than the other adhesives after 6-months storage regardless of the dentin substrate. However, these same patients have very high rates of subsequent ED utilization. To minimize surgical trauma, we performed graft replacement of a descending aortic aneurysm through a minithoracotomy (12 cm) with the use of thoracoscopy and special vascular clamps.

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Morphometric X-ray absorptiometry (MXA) vertebral heights in Spanish women. A key challenge for optically monitoring voltage is development of augmentin 1 g max dose tramadol sensors that can give large and fast responses to changes in transmembrane potential. Criteria for selection of patients for the procedure should consider the possibility of leiomyosarcoma.

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Sex-biased genetic structure in the vector of Lyme disease, piperacillin dosage ivermectin Ixodes ricinus. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), nitrogen absorption/desorption (BET) and mercury intrusion porosimetry were used to characterize the monolith and the mMIPs properties.

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Cord blood levels of insulin and glucose in full-term pregnancies. The main focus of this review is the cellular and molecular work performed to clarify these intrinsic mechanisms and to determine how they are facilitated and inhibited by the extrinsic influences of other cells. Normotensive male Wistar rats are susceptible to the development of glomerulosclerosis, a process which can be accelerated by partial renal ablation, while normotensive male Wistar cepodem 200 for uti Kyoto (WKy) rats are resistant to glomerulosclerosis.